Chalga – The Seedy Underbelly of Bulgaria

Chalga Girls in Bulgaria

90% softcore porn and 10% musical talent, chalga pop/folk music is empirical evidence that sex sells. Lyrically nonsensical, it is the answer to Bulgaria’s non-existent porn industry (while prostitution is completely legal in Bulgaria, pornography is not, which is why you don’t see any Bulgarian porn stars), and if you spend any time in this Balkan country than chances are you will be out with your local friends at least a couple of times a week in one of the many chalga clubs that can be found on almost every street corner in all the major cities throughout Bulgaria.

Chalga (or Чалга in Bulgarian), is the most popular form of music in Bulgaria. At it’s very core it’s nothing more than bump-and-grind clubbing music. And while salsa clubs dot the landscape across Colombia in every city you visit, chalga clubs in Bulgaria are the same way; you can’t walk more than a city block or two without running into some form of a club that is either showing the music videos on large-screen TVs or has a stage where there are nightly performances by the pop queens (and kings) of Bulgaria.

The underground culture in Bulgaria revolves around a certain social responsibility by both sexes which is played out in the music videos and chalga clubs. Men are expected to have shaved heads, bulky arms, massive chests and wear plenty of gold jewelry with unbuttoned shirts and slick, modern suits. Known as “mutra”, or “mutri” for plural, they are gangsters/mafiosos in the modern sense of the word, many of them with ties to organized crime (which still exists in Bulgaria, but for the most part will never affect the average expat or traveler, as they are only interested in politics and multi-million dollar real-estate deals and investments), although many of them simply dress that way as it’s part of the culture and it’s expected (the wannabe gangsters who just dress that way to get girls). They are the core of the male population that frequents the chalga clubs and the reason the clubs exist in the first place.

Women, on the other hand, have the same social responsibility in the club setting they have in most other parts of the world: look sexy. The men in Bulgaria like their women looking like they are ready for a three-way in a porno movie any time they leave the house. Nowhere is this more evident than in the chalga culture that makes up the underbelly of Bulgarian society. And, for the most part, it’s a tried-and-true system that’s been going on for countless millenia. After all, sex sells, and if you got it, flaunt it. How else is a girl going to get free drinks, paid-for vacations and plush, 5-star accommodations around the world with a rich man, and what better way for a well-endowed (financially) man to find amiable companionship?

Where the Latinos love their salsa and their tango, Bulgarians love their chalga. But it’s certainly not the lyrics that bring people into the chalga clubs, considering most of the them are complete nonsense and revolve around drunk people dancing around shouting “opa!” at the top of their lungs or “oi oi oi oi” or things like “take off your sailor’s shirt and I’ll show you my blue thong” or “wet blowjob” repeated over and over. It all comes down to a pound of flesh. Sex sells, and women with massive tits dancing around in skimpy clothing makes for an entertaining social outing…not to mention ample amounts (pun intended) of eye candy that brings cash-flush mutri who are eager to spend their money on plenty of T&A. It’s strip-club basics 101, and in a country where porn is illegal this is as close as the vast majority of people can get.

But it’s not just straight men that chalga targets. Although not as popular as the female variety, there are also several male performers. The most famous of these is Azis, a gypsy who transformed himself into one of the top performers in Bulgaria. He is very openly gay, and you can’t walk more than a few city blocks in Sofia without seeing a billboard with him in one of his various states of undress…usually surrounded by plenty of half-naked, well-built men. So to say that chalga is sexist and somehow mistreats or targets women would be a farce; chalga is about one thing, and one thing only: making money. Man or woman, it doesn’t matter. Sex sells. Period. There’s no exploitation of women going on here. It’s all about the cash, and both sexes are manipulating the basic, carnal nature of humanity to their advantage.

A more international and mainstream variant that audiences might be popular with is Inna, a Romanian pop princess who is currently enjoying international appeal (she was just here in Cancun a couple of months back) in clubs around the world. While her lyrics are far more mainstream than the typical nonsensical chalga tunes of the Balkan region, the style of music is still the same and it just goes to show you that even though chalga-style music might be more prevalent in Eastern Europe, it has a global appeal in the form of scantily-clad women prancing around on stage or in a video. It’s an age-old formula that has worked for centuries; from the ancient days of Pompei when penis symbols and naked women were carved into the street stones to mark the way to the nearest whorehouse, to the modern era of YouTube, sex sells.

If you plan on spending any time in Bulgaria or Eastern Europe you will become intimately familiar with the chalga scene if you opt for the immersion travel route. Sure, you can play the tourist and only visit the touristy places such as the Rhodope Mountains or the Black Sea coastal resorts, but if you want to get to the core of who Bulgarians really are and really live like a local…you’ll be spending plenty of time with your Bulgarian friends in one of the many chalga clubs that are spread out across the country through all the major cities.

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About T.W. Anderson

T.W. Anderson is the founder of the Marginal Boundaries brand. He is the writer, editor, videographer, photographer, and social media guru alongside Cristina Barrios, the other half of the brand. In his spare time, he is the creative director of the Saga of Lucimia, a forthcoming MMORPG from Stormhaven Studios, LLC.


  • And thanks for the reply, T.W. :) The way you describe it here resonates much more, yes. There’s no question about the dancing/Rakia/revelry with friends being integral to the Bulgarian experience. I miss it very much. Nazdravei!

  • Thanks for the comment, Allegra.

    The intention of that particular comment should perhaps be edited in the article; what I meant to convey was that experiencing Chalga is one of the only ways to uncover the total Bulgarian experience, because even though it’s a seedy part of the culture, it’s part of the culture nevertheless, and dance/drinking/enjoying time with friends is a big part of who the Bulgarian people are.

    It’s kind of like Jersey Shore in the United States, or American Idol; neither are an integral part of the culture, but they are a part of it nevertheless, and the only way to get to the core of who Americans are is to understand the seedy underbellies of the cultures :)

  • I lived in Bulgaria for 2+ years as a Peace Corps volunteer. While exposed to Chalga almost every day – on the office radio, in restaurants, on busses — I certainly wouldn’t agree that spending time in Chalga clubs is the only way to “get to the core of who Bulgarians really are.” That’s not to say it’s not part of the culture, but as some of the comments suggest, there are plenty of Bulgarians who don’t like this music; spending time with the Bulgarian people is exponentially more inspiring, educational, and culturally rich than dancing in a Chalga club.

  • Hola, @Nastee.

    One thing is true; many Bulgarians dislike the genre, just like many people from the U.S. dislike country music (which is only unique to the United States). I was with a Bulgarian girl for over 8 years, and she and all of her friends did NOT like Chalga :)

    Other friends, however….=P

    It’s a love/hate relationship, just like country western music in the U.S.

    Thanks for the comment :)

  • Nastee says:

    As a Bulgarian, I can only say that while there are too many fools in my country who like this kind of… ahem, “music”, this trend was much stronger a few years ago. While now it is still popular, I hope it keeps its downward trend.

    We have our fairly large share of smart population who hate this noise with a passion. The article failed to mention that any intelligent Bulgarian will definitely talk against Chalga to any foreigner who steps foot on our soil.

    I have met a few smart and nice people who listen to this, they are an exception,
    This “music” is a shame to us and our nation, but there are many things to fix before we deal with this scummy form of entertainment, that is the Chalga.

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